A. Initiatives under Planning:
As part of the Hon’ble Home Minister’s announcement during the 9th Meeting of Heads of Government authorities of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in Kyrghyzthan on 24 - 25 August, 2017, the Government of India will organise a Joint Urban Earthquake Search and Rescue exercise of SCO member states to improve collective preparedness and also host the next meeting of SCO head of departments dealing with disaster prevention in 2019.
B. Initiatives already Accomplished:
The Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India has organized the first India-Japan Workshop on Disaster Risk Reduction on 19-20 March, 2018 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. The workshop was attended by 150 domain experts from Japan and India. The two-day workshop was the follow-up of the Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) signed between the Government of India and the Government of Japan on Cooperation in the field of Disaster Management, which was signed during the visit of Prime Minister of Japan, Mr. Shinjo Abe to India in 2017. The workshop deliberated on various themes viz. disaster management policy framework, risk assessment, disaster resilient infrastructure, early warning system, preparedness by sub-national governments and approaches by private sector. .
In pursuance with 1st point of Hon’ble Prime Minister’s 10 point agenda on Disaster Risk Reduction, which calls for global cooperation in the field of disaster resilient infrastructure, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), organized first of its kind International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (IWDRI) on 15-16 January, 2018 at Hotel Ashok in New Delhi.
The Workshop was inaugurated by Shri Rajnath Singh, Union Home Minister on 15th January, 2018. More than 180 delegates including experts from 21 countries, multilateral development banks, the United Nations, the private sector, academics and national representatives of Central Government and State Governments attended the event. The valedictory session was chaired by Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog, and co-chaired by Shri Kiren Rijiju, Hon’ble Minister of State in the Home Affairs.
Apart from inaugural and closing ceremony, the workshop had five technical sessions on “Disaster Resilient Infrastructure: Opportunities and Challenges”, “Risk Management of Key Infrastructure Sectors”, “Risk Assessment, Standards, Design and Regulation for Infrastructure Development, Operation and Maintenance”, “Financing Disaster Resilient Infrastructure” and “Reconstruction and Recovery of Critical Infrastructure after Disasters”.
The Workshop emphasized the role of risk resilient infrastructure. It identified best global practices prevailing in the resilient infrastructure, as well as key challenges and gaps in existing practices and ways to address them. Potential areas for collaboration among the stakeholders on disaster resilient infrastructure were also identified.
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The Government of Republic of India hosted the first Annual Disaster Management Exercise for ‘Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation’ (BIMSTEC) countries (BIMSTEC DMEx-2017) on 10-13 October, 2017 in New Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR).
BIMSTEC DMEx-2017 provided a very good platform for sharing best practices and experience to all member countries involving their response teams. During the simulation exercise, various components viz. Table Top Exercise (TTX), Field Training Exercise (FTX) and After Action Review (AAR) facilitate in demonstrating the important aspects of Disaster Risk Reduction, strengthening regional response and coordination for effective disaster management among the BIMSTEC member countries. About 200 disaster professionals from all seven BIMSTEC countries participated for the first time in table top and field exercises.
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The Government of India, in collaboration with the United Nation International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), hosted the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) 2016 in New Delhi from 3-5 November 2016. Delegations from 41 Asia and Asia Pacific countries participated in the Conference. Besides, few countries were represented through their respective Embassies stationed in New Delhi. In addition, representatives of UN agencies, NGOs and other local stakeholders like Union Ministers, Deputy Chief Minister and Ministers of States/UTs, Secretaries of Union Ministries, Chief Secretaries, Director General of Police, Relief Commissioners, Secretaries of the States/UTs, Members of District Disaster Management Authorities, Senior functionaries of Zilla Parishads, Municipal Corporations and Municipal Councils and experts in the field of disaster management etc. also attended the Conference.
The theme of AMCDRR 2016 was “Risk Sensitive Development for Community Resilience”. The Conference had six Technical Sessions, three Featured Events, three Ministerial Sessions and 22 Thematic Events on various cross- cutting and impinging issues such as strengthening community resilience, risk resilient critical infrastructure, implementing the health aspects of Sendai framework, promoting educational continuity and resilience of children and communities, disaster risk identification and financing solutions etc. The Conference concluded with (i) a Political Declaration, reaffirming the government and stakeholders’ commitment to Disaster Risk Reduction, and (ii) Adoption of Asia Regional Plan for implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
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The Government of India and United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction(UNISDR) signed a Statement of Cooperation in November 2016 during the second day of the AMCDRR 2016, in New Delhi. The Statement underlined the guiding principles, objectives and areas of cooperation between India and UNISDR towards the effective implementation and monitoring of the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), which was adopted at the Third World Conference on DRR at Sendai in Japan in March 2015.
India partnered with UNISDR to work towards strengthening the capacity of Asian countries in ensuring risk resilient development. It will also facilitate the sharing of knowledge and experiences, and collaborative efforts towards addressing critical regional challenges.
The cooperation aims to ensure effective implementation and monitoring of the Sendai Framework through training and capacity building for Asian countries; promoting international and regional cooperation to reinforce political commitment, facilitate knowledge sharing and strengthen the capacity of UNISDR for monitoring and review of the Sendai Framework.
The statement was officially signed by Shri. Bipin Mallick, Additional Secretary, Government of India and Mr. Robert Glasser, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction.
The Meeting of BRICS Ministers for Disaster Management was held on 22 - 23 August, 2016 in Udaipur, Rajasthan. The Udaipur Declaration agreed for setting up a Joint Task Force on Disaster Risk Management (DRM) for regular dialogue, exchange, mutual support and collaboration among BRICS countries. The joint Task Force is expected to initiate the actions as agreed in the Roadmap for implementation of the Joint Action Plan signed by the BRICS countries at the Udaipur Meet.
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The Government of India organized the South Asian Annual Disaster Management Exercise (SAADMex) from 23-26 November 2015, in New Delhi. The main objective was to synchronize efforts to institutionalize regional cooperation on disaster response among SAARC member countries.
All the SAARC member countries participated in first ever joint exercise conducted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) of India. The focus was to test the inter-governmental coordination and create synergy to synchronize efforts to institutionalize regional cooperation on disaster response among the member countries of the SAARC region.
It was followed by the SAARC Regional Workshop on sharing best practices and to deliberate upon the outcomes of SAADMEX 2015 on 27th November 2015.